Residency in Czech Republic can be obtained by the citizens of the European Union (EU), as well as those living outside the EU. However, the regulations for these two categories of citizens are different. The procedure will also vary based on the type of residency the foreigner is interested in obtaining here. In this sense, the legislation in Czech Republic provides the possibility of obtaining one of the following: short-term residency, long-term residency or permanent residency.
Our immigration lawyer in Czech Republic can present the differences between these three types of residence permits and can offer in-depth information on the documents and the procedures a person should follow when requesting one of the cards. Those seeking to spend a short period of time in Czech Republic must be aware that they should apply for a short-term residence permit if they are citizens of countries outside the EU.
What are the basic conditions for obtaining residency in Czech Republic in 2021?
The basic requirements a person should meet when obtaining the Czech residency vary based on the applicant’s nationality, the duration of the stay and the reason for which the person arrives here. For example, the temporary Czech residence permit can be obtained by EU natural persons relocating here for a short period of time, but which must be longer than three months.
The document is not compulsory for EU nationals, but it can provide several advantages especially when the foreigner wants to apply for a driving license in Czech Republic, registering a vehicle in this country or for opening a bank account. It the EU national moving to Czech Republic has family members that are non-EU nationals, they must apply individually for a temporary residence permit.
Foreigners from outside the EU can relocate to Czech Republic based on a long-term residence permit, which is issued if the foreigner will be staying in the country for a period of more than 90 days. Typically, foreigners are entitled to apply for this type of document if the following conditions are met: they have been living in this country for at least 90 days based on visa, they want to live here for at least one year and the reason of stay remains the same as the one for which they have arrived in this country, but specific exemptions are granted.
According to the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic, the long-term residence permit can be issued for purposes such as: studies, scientific research, investments, family reunification programs, business or employment. It must be noted that the long-term residence permit can be renewed upon it is expiration, and the procedure must be started 120 days before the end of the validity; our immigration lawyer in Czech Republic can present the basic legal requirements foreigner must meet. You can also ask for information on the requirements available for a permanent residence permit.
How can a foreigner obtain a permanent residence permit in Czech Republic in 2021?
The right to permanent residency in Czech Republic is granted by the country’s legislation for both EU nationals and non-EU nationals. When applying for permanent residency, the applicant shows his or her intention of moving to Czech Republic on a permanent basis and this can also lead to the right of obtaining the Czech nationality, if additional steps are concluded.
We invite you to watch this short presentation regarding the residency schemes available in Czech Republic:
The basic conditions for obtaining the permanent residency in Czech Republic are the following: a continuous stay in this country of at least 5 years and basic proficiency in the Czech language (the latter applies to non-EU nationals). The procedural steps that must be met by the applicant are governed by the regulations of the Act on the Residence of Foreign Nationals and the Administrative Procedure Code.
Please mind that those moving to Czech Republic can benefit from different regulations for the issuance of the permanent residency. Thus, the standard procedure is to apply for permanent residency after living in this country for a period of 5 years as a citizen of the European Union (EU). In this case, the applicant is required to complete a standard form and to provide documents showing that he or she has been living in Czech Republic for 5 years.
However, one can obtain the permanent residency in Czech Republic after only 2 years of living in this country. But for this, specific conditions have to be met. For example, this opportunity is available for a person who has relocated to Czech Republic and who is a EU citizen, relative of another EU citizen who has been living in Czech Republic. Below, our immigration lawyer in Czech Republic has prepared a short presentation on the conditions you must meet for this particular case:
- first, you must be a family member of a EU citizen;
- then, you must have been living in Czech Republic for a period of 2 years under a temporary residence permit;
- you can apply for this if you have been a family member of another EU citizen for at least one year, and that person, who is your relative, has permanent residency in Czech Republic;
- the same applies if you are related for at least one year with a person who is a Czech national or who has obtained the Czech citizenship;
- you can apply if the legislation in Czech Republic doesn’t prescribe any legal reasons for which you are not entitled to apply;
- the application must contain a set of documents, which are compulsory.
When applying for the issuance of the permanent residency after two years of continuous living in Czech Republic, you must complete a standard application form, along with documents showing that you have been living here for the required amount of time. At the same time, it is necessary to submit documents which show your family connection with the person who has permanent residency in Czech Republic or who is a Czech national.
All documents have to be issued with maximum 180 days prior to the moment when the application is started – here, several exemptions do apply, such as marriage certificates, personal identity documents, etc. When preparing the application, all the documents that you will submit have to be in the Czech language or, if not, they have to be accompanied by an official translation in the Czech language.
Exemptions from this rule apply only in the case of documents which fall under the rules of the Regulation (EU) 2016/1191 of the European Parliament and Council. If you need further clarifications on this subject, our immigration lawyer in Czech Republic remains at your disposal for advice.
All foreigners are entitled to obtain a residence permit in Czech Republic if they qualify; recently, a new requirement has been introduced and those who want to apply for a permanent residence permit in 2021 in Czech Republic will have to make the proof of knowing the Czech language at the A2 level. This regulation has recently been introduced and it is applicable starting with 1st of July 2021 to all those who will start this procedure.
What is the procedure on Czech permanent residency for non-EU nationals in 2021?
If you are moving to Czech Republic and you are interested in permanent residency as a non-EU national, you must know that similar procedures as the ones mentioned above will apply. The immigration process falls under the rules and procedures of the same rule of law applied in Czech Republic for all foreigners, which is the Act on Residence of Foreign Nationals and the Administrative Procedure Code.
Although the process is similar, it will involve the participation of Czech embassies and consulates. The local institutions will be generally be able to issue a decision (positive or negative) in a period of 90 days, or maximum 180 days. Please be aware that although most of the applications will receive a positive result, one must know that the Czech authorities retain the right to reject applications if any of the following situations occur:
- the Czech institutions learn that the information or the documents submitted by the applicant are fake or unreliable;
- the foreign national is registered in international databases as being a person non-grata;
- for persons who arrive from countries where polygamous marriages are legally recognized, the application for a permanent residence permit can be denied if the authorities learn that the applicant has lived in Czech Republic under a family reunification program only with one wife;
- the applicant did not submit a clean criminal record on his or her application;
- the applicant has lived outside the EU territory for more than 24 months and previously arrived here through a EU Blue Card, which grants the right to employment in the EU area for non-EU nationals;
- the Czech authorities consider that the person represents a potential risk for the national safety;
- the applicant can be denied from moving to Czech Republic if he or she has threatened the national safety in another EU state.
How many immigrants have permanent residency in Czech Republic?
The data offered by the Directorate of Alien Police Service shows that the number of persons who have obtained permanent residency in Czech Republic has been constantly increasing in the last 30 years. Below, we present the most important thresholds reached throughout the years:
• 27,892 persons had permanent residency in Czech Republic (from a total of 37,177 persons) in 1985;
• the country reached a threshold of more than 100,000 immigrants (104,343 persons), out of which only 33,164 had permanent residency in 1994;
• a threshold of more than 100,000 immigrants with permanent residency was reached in 2005, when 110,598 persons had permanent residence documents;
• in 2012, permanent residency in Czech Republic was granted to 212,455 persons;
• 289,459 foreigners obtained their permanent residency in this country in 2018.
We invite foreigners interested in obtaining the Czech residency to address to our immigration lawyer in Czech Republic. Our lawyer can assist with in-depth information on the types of documents required by the local institutions and may provide further advice on any other matters that can be of interest for a person moving to Czech Republic.